Section 237 of CRPC "Procedure in cases instituted under section 199(2)"
(1) A Court of Session taking cognizance of an
offence under sub-section (2) of section 199 shall
try the case in accordance with the procedure for
the trial of warrant-cases instituted otherwise than
on a police report before a Court of Magistrate:
Provided that the person against whom the offence is alleged to have been committed shall, unless the Court of Session, for reasons to be recorded, otherwise directs, be examined as a witness for the prosecution.
(2) Every trial under this section shall be held in camera if either party thereto so desires or if the Court thinks fit so to do.
(3) If, in any such case, the Court discharges or acquits all or any of the accused and is of opinion that there was no reasonable cause for making the accusation against them or any of them, it may, by its order of discharge or acquittal, direct the person against whom the offence was alleged to have been committed (other than the President, Vice-President or the Governor of a State or the Administrator of a Union territory) to show cause why he should not pay compensation to such accused or to each or any of such accused, when there are more than one.
(4) The Court shall record and consider any cause
which may be shown by the person so directed, and if
it is satisfied that there was no reasonable cause
for making the accusation, it may, for reasons to be
recorded , make an order that compensation to such
amount not exceeding one thousand rupees, as it may
determine, be paid by such person to the accused or
to each or any of them.
(5) Compensation awarded under sub-section (4) shall be recovered as if it were a fine imposed by a Magistrate.
(6) No person who has been directed to pay compensation under sub-section (4) shall, by reason of such order, be exempted from any civil or criminal liability in respect of the complaint made under this section:
Provided that any amount paid to an accused person under this section shall be taken into account in awarding compensation to such person in any subsequent civil suit relating to the same matter.
(7) The person who has been ordered under sub-section (4) to pay compensation may appeal from the order, in so far as it relates to the payment of compensation, to the High Court.
(8) When an order for payment of compensation to an accused person is made, the compensation shall not be paid to him before the period allowed for the presentation of the appeal has elapsed, or, if an appeal is presented, before the appeal has been decided.
TRIAL BEFORE A COURT OF SESSION
RIAL BEFORE A COURT OF SESSION
What is Entering upon defence? What is Arguments in Criminal Case? What is Judgment of acquittal of conviction? What is the effect of Previous conviction? Section 233, 234, 235 and 236 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
What is Compliance with section 207? When accused shall be discharged? What is Framing of charge? What is Conviction on plea of guilty? Section 238, 239, 240 and 241 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
Cases instituted otherwise than on police report
What is Evidence for prosecution? When accused shall be discharged? What is the procedure when Procedure where accused is not discharged? What is Evidence for Defence? Section 244, 245, 246 and 247 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
Conclusion of trial